John James Audubon (1785-1851), artist
Robert Havell, Jr. (1793-1878), engraver
1834, etching and aquatint on paper, hand-colored
38.5 x 25.1875
Stark Museum of Art, Orange, Texas. 91.100.32.
Audubon’s Great Blue Heron demonstrates his artistic mastery of ornithological subjects. To portray large birds life-sized, he needed a large sheet of paper. He and his printer used a sheet approximately 39.5 inches by 26.5 inches, called a double elephant folio. For the largest birds, Audubon still needed to fit the bird on the sheet. He used a graceful and life-like pose depicting the heron searching for food. The pose also allowed the artist to depict the wings dramatically and with great detail.